What does the Bible say in respect to having a Mormon or Catholic in charge of the nation?

Thanks for the question P.  The Bible is specific in what it says about respecting authority regardless of who it is.  We may not always agree with the things they do or the things they say, but we are to respect them regardless.  Romans 13 gives us insight into this matter.  It starts off saying, “Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers.” 

Jesus also gave direction in Matthew 22:21.  “Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God’s.”  Whether we necessarily agree with how our government spends the money or not, they are still the ones in power and we are to subject to that.  However, we should not object to it if it means dishonoring, disrespecting, or discounting God.  

Now in an ideal world, all leaders would be looking to lead our country in a Godly manner supported by the Bible, but we know that is not the case now.  Our ultimate authority regardless of who runs the country is God, and we are to never shy away from that, period.  Respecting power allows us to practice humility and servitude. 

There are cases in the Bible where a leader has told his people to do something that directly goes against the Bible.  In that case we are to follow our ultimate authority, and that is God.  When Daniel was thrown in the lion’s den in Daniel 6, King Darius had signed a decree saying no one could pray to God for 30 days, or they would be thrown in the lion’s den.  Daniel obeyed his ultimate authority and still prayed.  Because of this he was cast into the den of lions, and when they came back the next morning Daniel was unharmed because God had shut the lion’s mouths.  It is beautiful what it says in Daniel 6:23 – no manner of hurt was found upon him, because he believed in his God. 

Also, remember Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego in Daniel 3.  King Nebuchadnezzar passed a law saying that anytime the people heard the playing of all the instruments they should fall down and worship the golden image (Daniel 3:10).  If they didn’t worship the image they would be thrown in the fiery furnace.  Verse 12 of the same chapter tells us that Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego would not worship the golden image because they served God.  Verses 15-18 show the faith that the three men had in their God.   They were standing in front of the king and firmly stood and said that they would not worship the golden image, and that if they were thrown in the fiery furnace, their God would deliver them.  The king was furious and had the furnace heated 7 times hotter than normal.  It was so hot that it killed the men that threw them in the fiery furnace.  In verse 25 the king said he saw 4 men walking loose in the furnace, but he had only thrown in three.  The king then got them out of the furnace and saw that they were unharmed and their clothes weren’t even singed.   He then made a decree that anyone that spoke against the true God would have their house made into a dunghill.  The king also promoted Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego in their province. 

The point to this is that we are to respect our leaders as Romans 13 instructs us, but if our leaders tell us to do something going against God, then we are to follow God instead.  As we see in both accounts in the book of Daniel, if we have to stand against our leaders to follow God, He will take care of us and protect us. 

We pray that this has answered your question, and if you have any others feel free to ask away.